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by Yaneer Bar-Yam
Step III: Create Superdoctor Teams
When conditions require multiple specialists, multidisciplinary teams can provide integrated comprehensive care.
The knowledge of specialists is brought to bear using a routing system.

A well-integrated team of specialist physicians can be thought of as a "superdoctor." In order for medical teams to be superdoctors, they must get to know each other’s strengths and styles and act together seamlessly. Well-integrated teams have the combined specialized knowledge of each member and more: they have the ability to relate these different domains of knowledge and combine them in new ways. Moreover, they can act rapidly with this combined knowledge. They can be an important part of the solution to the problems of fragmentation.

Such teams have become standard practice in cancer care, where specialists in imaging, surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy often meet and work together to treat patients. The wide diversity of cancers and of individual responses to treatment make the team approach necessary for effective care. These teams generally also include non-physician practitioners. While the team approach is most widely used for cancer, some medical centers, recognizing the problem of fragmentation in care, are using the team approach for other conditions.

To be most effective, superdoctor teams need to work together on a regular basis. If you were to throw together several sports players—even professional athletes—to play as a team without training together, they would not play as well as they would with team members who they were used to. Similarly, medical teams must "practice" together to fully leverage their collective ability.

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